Orofacial Myology is the study and treatment of the Orofacial muscles and their associated movements. The oropharyngeal muscle movement can directly and indirectly impact the functions of breathing, chewing, swallowing, craniofacial growth and development, upper airway development, TMJ movement, oral health, facial esthetics, physical development, speech, oral malocclusion ( how your teeth occlude), functions of respiration, breastfeeding, quality of sleep and more.
The most common OMD's
Poor Oral Rest Posture
Inability to Nasal Breath
Habitual Open Mouth Posture
Forward Head Posture
Oral Habits ( licking lips, biting tongue, natil biting, etc)
Oro-facial Habits ( licking lips consistently, always massaging face, constant chewing on objects that aren't food)
Forward Head Posture ( at rest, chewing or swallowing)
Failure to breast feed
Sleep disordered breathing
Inability to focus
OMD's are atypical, adaptive patterns that emerge in the absence of normalized patterns within the Orofacial complex. When presented, these patterns can result in a variety of disturbances. It is often difficult to distinguish a particular source as the sole cause of an OMD (Orofacial Myofunctional Disorder) and in most cases, the disorder can be a result of multiple factors.
OMD's my develop at birth or into adulthood and can be the result of changes in muscle patterns attributed, but are not limited to the following:
POOR ORAL POSTURE
SOFT DIETS (during growth and development)
LONG TERM ORAL HABITS
OMT (Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy) has been successfully implemented in numerous countries for years. Multiple studies have demonstrated its effectiveness, reporting that treatment for OMD's can be largely effective in correcting swallowing and resting posture and that Orofacial myofunctional treatment, combined with orthodontic attention, can aid correction of dent-facial deformities. The research further indicates that these corrections are retained years after completing therapy. Cooperation and compliance from the the patient and supporting family members are critical in facilitating progress in any type of therapeutic interventions. Hahn & Hahn, 1992;Homen, Vieira-Andrade, et al., 2014
What are main problems related to OMD's?
The main problems related to OMDs are alterations in breathing, sucking, chewing, swallowing and speech.
What can cause an open bite?
A problematic occlusion can be caused by multiple factors. Harmful habits such as thumb sucking or pacifier use as well as the presence of a functional disorder (mouth breathing, inadequate tongue positioning).
How is OMT connected to cases of snoring?
As part of the multidisciplinary team that includes a sleep specialist In this team, the OMT (Myofunctional Therapist) can help by teaching specific exercises to strengthen the muscles of the mouth and throat and improve oral rest posture.
What is OSA? Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is defined as an obstruction of the airflow channel during sleep.
Does snoring contribute to the emergence of OSA? It does, due to the constant vibration, the muscles of the mouth and throat become larger, which can result in size, width and thickness changes. This may contribute to total or partial obstruction of breathing during sleep.
What is mouth breathing? Mouth breathing refers to breathing performed predominantly by the mouth. When breathing this way, the nose is used very little, or not at all, to inhale or exhale oxygen.
Can mouth breathing cause damage? Consistent mouth breathing has been shown to impact structure and function of the face and mouth, sleep, eating, speech and general inflammation.
What is the difference between nasal and mouth breathing?When breathing through the nose, the air is filtered, warmed and humidified making it more pure once it reaches the lungs. Breathing through the mouth, the air does not go through the same process and reaches the lungs full of impurities.
How can mouth breathing impact the ability to learn or focus? As a result of Sleep disturbances. Sleep disturbances can cause anxiety, impatience, agitation, lack of focus, impulsiveness and discouragement. These changes can cause difficulties with attention, concentration, memory and subsequent learning difficulties in children, especially during a child's critical growth and development period.
What is a tongue tie? Often undetected, a tongue tie (ankyloglossia) is a short, tight band of tissue that tethers the tongue's tip to the floor of the mouth. It can affect how a child eats and speaks, and can interfere with breastfeeding. This condition restricts the tongue's range of motion.
When should a tongue-tie be treated?When the tongue cannot perform necessary movements and thus jeopardizes the way of swallowing, chewing, talking or sucking. This is typically recommended by a member of a multidisciplinary team such as an MD,ENT, DDS, Pediatrician or LC.
A series of oral exercises to help strengthen the tongue and facial muscles to help correct improper muscle function while optimizing the tongues resting position, chewing and swallowing.
Toxicity is anything negatively impacting the body's ability to function naturally.